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Tiger, Ranthambore Tiger Reserve

Panther

PantherThe use of the name Panthera for this genus is in keeping with Corbet (1978), Ellerman and Morrison-Scott (1966), Hemmer (1978), Leyhausen (1979), Mazak (1981), and most of the other authorities cited herein. A few authorities, such as Cabrera (1957) and Stains (1984), consider Panthera to be invalid for technical reasons of nomenclature and prefer to use the generic term Leo. Some authorities, including Hall (1981), do not consider Panthera to be generically distinct from Felis. Uncia was treated as a separate genus by Guggisberg (1975), Hemmer (1972, 1978), and Leyhausen (1979) but not by (1978), Ellerman and Morrison-Scott (1966), and Ewer (1973). Leyhausen placed P. tigris in the genus Neofelis. Both Hemmer (1978) and Mazak (1981) divided Panthera into only two subgenera: Tigris, with P. tigris; and Panthera, with P. pardus, P. onca, and P. leo.

Panthera pardus(Leopard): Leopards are famous for their ability to go undetected. They may live practically among humans and still be tough to spot. They are graceful and stealthy. Amongst the big cats they are probably the most accomplished stalkers. They are good, agile climbers and can descend from a tree headfirst. Along with climbing, they are strong swimmers but not as fond of water as tigers; for example, leopards will not lay in water. The leopard seems to be more adaptable to the presence and activities of people than is the tiger and still occurs over a greater portion of its original range. Nonetheless, it is confronted by the same problems--persecution as a predator, value as a trophy, commercial demand for its beautiful fur, and loss of habitat. Man-eating leopards, though representing only a tiny percentage of the species, have undeniably been a menace in some areas. One in India, for example, is said to have killed over 200 people.

Panther Panthera leo (Lion): Lions are some of the most revered animals in human history. Lions were thought of as a God in many ancient civilizations. Pelts, claws, fur, teeth, and other animal products were sold for money. Some people hunt lions for sport, and some animals are held captive in zoos.Lions are carnivores; their diet consists of a variety of meats ranging from small insects to large herbivores such as giraffes. The lionesses are the hunters in the pride, hunting either in the morning or at night. Packs of lionesses form within a single pride. The lionesses hide in small groups to ambush their prey. As soon as one of the lionesses spot the prey and is in postion, she begins her attack. by sinking her teeth into the neck area of the prey and cuting off the air supply.

Panthera onca (Jaguar): The jaguar is the largest species of cat native to the Western Hemisphere. Jaguars are muscular cats with relatively short, massive limbs and a deep-chested body. They are cinnamon-buff in color with many black spots; melanistic forms are also known, primarily from the southern part of the range. Jaguars have a reputation for being human-eaters. However, numerous stories of men being followed for miles through the forest by solitary jaguars may suggest that they are merely escorting them off their territory and not stalking them as prey. There are also stories from the Amazonian Indians that tell of jaguars emerging from the forest to play with village children. Jaguars are revered in many indigenous American cultures. The Maya believed that the Jaguar, God of the Underworld, helped the sun to travel under the earth at night, ensuring its new rising every morning.

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