Indian Tiger » Tigers Around the Globe
Tiger, Ranthambore Tiger Reserve

Tigers Around the GlobeThe tiger population has dropped over the past 100 years by a factor of 25 - from an estimated 100,000 in 1900 to only 4000 in the 1970's. A serious effort by wildlife protection groups in the 1970's halted their rapid disappearance and decline of the global population of tigers in the wild has grown modestly to around 6000 at the turn of the century.

Sub-species of Tiger found around the globe:
There are eight subspecies of Tiger in all:
- The Bengal (Panthera tigris tigris) aka Royal Bengal or Indian Tiger)

- The Sumatran (Panthera tigris sumatrae), the Siberian (Panthera tigris altaica) aka Amur or Manchurian Tiger )

- The Indochinese (Panthera tigris corbetti) aka Malaysian Tiger)

- The South China Tiger (Panthera tigris amoyensis)

The above remaining 5 subspecies are all on the brink of extinction.

The other three subspecies are all extinct. They are as follows:
- The Javan (Panthera tigris sondaica)

Tigers Around the Globe- The Caspian (Panthera tigris virgata)

- The Bali Tiger (Panthera tigris balica)

They are now gone forever.
The remaining five subspecies are in very real danger of disappearing, but the fact they are still hanging on means there is still time left to save them.

The Tiger is categorised as ENDANGERED (EN) in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, which means it is considered to be facing a very high risk of extinction in the wild. The South China Tiger is critically endangered, with only 20-30 individuals thought to survive in the wild.

Wildlife Conservation organizations around the globe actively working to save the tiger:
World Wildlife Fund:
From Operation Tiger to the Global Tiger Forum, WWF's efforts to save the tiger are extensive. WWF is supportive of in-depth, long-term conservation programs around the globe.

5 Tigers Project:
The Tiger Information Center, supported by Save the Tiger Fund -- a program of the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation in partnership with the Exxon Corporation -- provides information to the public, scientific, and conservation communities and supports an international forum for exchanging information relevant to the preservation of wild tigers across Asia and in zoos worldwide.

Wildlife Conservation Society:
WCS's Tiger Campaign has mobilized field research and conservation endeavours in most of the countries where tigers remain.

Tigers Around the GlobeHornocker Wildlife Research Institute:
The Hornocker Wildlife Institute began operating The Siberian Tiger Project in 1991 -- a cooperative effort between top Russian and American scientists, wildlife biologists and veterinarians.

International Union for the Conservation of Nature / World Conservation Union:
The IUCN's Cat Specialist Group consists of leading international experts on the tiger. They advise the IUCN, CITES, governments, and non-governmental conservation organizations on the biology, behavior, and management of the tiger species. It is comprised of 120 world government agencies and 400 non-governmental organizations.

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